Estrogens are hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development, mainly in women, but they are also produced in males in a lot smaller quantities. They are also referred to as female sex hormones. Estrogen is a vital hormone whose levels should not be suppressed if the hormonal balance is normal, but only if there is an identified surplus.
Estrogen dominance is manifested in the following forms:
High estrogen associated with normal levels of progesterone or testosterone
This combination occurs mostly in women and men that are overweight and in people who were exposed to xenoestrogens, which are synthetic or natural substances (not produced by the body) that mimic human estrogen. The majority of estrogens are produced primarily in the ovaries or testes and the adrenal gland in men. Fat cells, however, also produce and store estrogen, so that more fat cells mean more estrogens.
High estrogen associated with low levels of progesterone
This combination is basically common in women. A women advance in age, progesterone levels fall sharply while those of estrogen drop gradually. However, estrogen dominance is not a problem of every woman in adulthood.
Special tests can help you determine if you are suffering from excess estrogen levels if you have more than 3 characteristic etrogen dominance symptoms. Disbalance in hormone levels can also be found in adult men. In some cases this disbalance may result in estrogen dominance.
Conversion of androgens to estrogens caused by the aromatase enzyme
Aromatase levels are increased with factors such as age, obesity, insulin, alcohol etc. The elevation of this enzyme leads to unpleasant consequences for both genders – in men leads it leads to gynecomastia, losing of muscle mass, and in women it can lead to to precocious puberty, hypertrophy of the breasts and and many other issues.
It becomes very clear that our health largely depends on sex hormones, so it’s beneficial to us to keep them in their optimal range.
In our everyday life we are surrounded with thousands of different types of chemicals, most of which adversely affect the endocrine system.