When choosing the perfect protein supplement, there are a lot of factors to consider. First of all, your priorities. Do you want to lose weight as quickly as possible or your focus is on muscle building? Maybe you just want to optimize your nutrition. Either way, you will most probably have to spend some time experimenting with different types and brands of protein supplements before finding the one that best suits your goals and needs. For those of you that have a hard time navigating through the world of protein supplementation, in this article we’ll guide you through the benefits of egg and whey protein, which are among the most popular protein powders in the fitness community.
Both egg protein and whey protein contain all of the essential amino acids that the body cannot make for itself and are required for the building and repairing of all tissues. They are also very similar in terms of the overall protein they offer, with 24 grams of protein in one scoop of an egg protein powder and 20-30 grams of protein in one scoop of whey protein powder, as well as in terms of total calorie count which ranges between 120 and 130 for both types of protein powder. The amounts of carbs and fat can vary from one brand to another, so it’s relatively easy to find a low-fat or low-carb product from both types. However, egg protein derived from whole eggs can contain up to three times more cholesterol compared to whey protein.
Health risks and benefits
If you’re lactose intolerant, you should opt for egg protein or whey isolate, which contains almost zero lactose. Other types of whey protein powder come in a less pure form and can be troublesome for lactose intolerant people. But for those who have no problem with dairy products, whey protein can also be a good source of calcium and help enhance bone and dental health. Some studies have even shown that whey protein has an ability to lower blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels and increase blood vessel dilation, which is crucial for cardiovascular health.
Whey protein takes the first prize in terms of both weight loss and muscle building. One recent study published in “Nutrition Journal” found that whey protein was more efficient at suppressing appetite than egg protein. On the other hand, whey protein is also the better of the two when it comes to adding muscle mass, mainly because of its higher content of BCAAs (branched-chain amino acids) which are vital for protein synthesis and muscle growth. Unfortunately, egg protein hasn’t been studied as much as whey protein has in the course of the past decade, so there’s a lack of scientific research that compares these two types of protein. However, some studies have shown that egg white protein has a slightly lower ability to stimulate protein synthesis compared to whey.
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Since protein is the most discussed macronutrient in sports nutrition, it’s no wonder there are so many different types of it available. Even though whey protein seems to offer more benefits than egg protein, note that the latter is also a high quality source of all the essential amino acids the body needs, so don’t be afraid to give it a try and see what works better for you.